Metobolic Syndrome (Syndrome X)
By Dr. Scott Rigden, MD
Metabolic Syndrome (Syndrome X)
What is it?
Metabolic Syndrome, a.k.a. Syndrome X, occurs in 24% of U.S. adults, or approximately 60-75 million Americans. It is usually associated with obesity. It is a condition that features the combination of insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia (excessive or too much insulin), which has profound health implications. It is commonly associated with coronary heart disease, hypertension, and diabetes mellitus type 2. These individuals often have lipid profiles in which they have elevated triglycerides with low HDL levels (their triglyceride/HDL ratios are usually over 4.) Their fasting insulin levels are above 8.
DO I HAVE METABOLIC SYNDROME?
Here are ten clues:
* I cannot lose weight.
* I tend to gain weight in the "apple" distribution.
* I crave sugar and carbohydrates.
* My energy levels are erratic.
* I have a family history of diabetes.
* I had a large baby (over nine pounds) and/or had gestational diabetes.
* I have a history of polycystic ovaries.
* I have non-European ancestry.
* I have a tendency to hypertension and/or borderline blood sugars.
* I have skin tags around my neck and upper body.
The five clinical criteria doctors use to diagnose metabolic syndrome are listed below. If you have three of them, see your health provider for an in depth work-up.
FIVE CLINICAL CRITERIA OF METABOLIC SYNDROME
* Elevated waist circumference (greater than 40 inches in males and 35 inches in females)
* Triglyceride levels above 150 mg/dl
* Decreased HDL (less than 40 mg/dl for men and below 50 mg/dl for females)
* Blood pressure above 130/85
* Fasting glucose above 110 mg/dl
Posted at 08:57 am by ChristiewPCOS